News » Archives » January 2014

In Memoriam: Maureen Hallinan, William P. and Hazel B. White Professor of Sociology Emeritus

Author: Carrie Gates

Maureen Hallinan

Maureen Hallinan, William P. and Hazel B. White Professor of Sociology Emeritus at the University of Notre Dame, died Monday (Jan. 28) in South Bend after an illness. She was 73.

A native of New York, Hallinan earned a bachelor’s degree from Marymount College, a master’s degree in mathematics from Notre Dame and a joint doctorate in sociology and education from the University of Chicago.

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Astrophysics workshop brings international experts together to share knowledge on galaxy formation, evolution

Author: Marissa Gebhard

Gas cloud simulation. Credit: Michele Fumagalli

Expert physicists from around the world are coming together Thursday (Jan. 30) through Saturday (Feb. 1) for the Circumgalactic-Medium Workshop at Notre Dame. The workshop, titled “The Impact of Gas Fueling, Quenching and Feedback on the Growth of Galaxies,” will meet in McKenna Hall at the University of Notre Dame.

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Biggest Notre Dame project ever a 'crossroads' of academics, student life and athletics

Author: Dennis Brown

Campus Crossroads Project

The University of Notre Dame announced Wednesday (Jan. 29) the largest building project in its 172-year history, integrating the academy, student life and athletics with the construction of more than 750,000 square feet in three new buildings attached to the west, east and south sides of the University’s iconic football stadium, at a projected cost of $400 million.

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Notre Dame confers honorary degrees on ecumenical leaders

Author: Brendan O’Shaughnessy

The University of Notre Dame conferred an honorary Doctor of Laws degree on Cardinal Jean-Louis Tauran and Maria Voce at the Notre Dame Rome Centre

ROME — The University of Notre Dame on Monday (Jan. 27) awarded honorary degrees to two leaders of ecumenical dialogue and engagement of the laity at the winter meetings of the Board of Trustees in Rome.

Cardinal Jean-Louis Tauran, president of the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue, and Maria Voce, president of the Focolare Movement and the only woman to lead a major lay movement within the Catholic Church, received honorary doctor of laws degrees during an academic convocation Monday at Notre Dame’s new center in Rome, located just a block from the Colosseum.

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Asher Kaufman uses archival maps to offer fresh look at Middle Eastern conflict

Author: Renée LaReau

Associate Professor Asher Kaufman holds his new book, "Contested Frontiers in the Syria-Lebanon-Israel Region: Cartography, Sovereignty and Conflict"

University of Notre Dame associate professor Asher Kaufman’s latest book was born out of a coincidence. A research trip in 2001 for his previous book, “Reviving Phoenicia,” led the historian to diplomatic archives in Nantes, France, where he stumbled upon what he described as “an archival bonanza”: a disorganized collection of documents, sketches and maps that told the convoluted story of the roots of a decades-long border dispute between Israel, Lebanon and Syria.

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Researchers identify a low-cost alternative material for next-generation solar cells

Author: Stephanie Healey

Professor Prashant Kamat, left, works with graduate students on the solar panels on the roof of Stinson-Remick Hall of Engineering

With the continual increase in demand for global energy, scientists across the world are working to find a way to transition from fossil fuels to renewable energy sources that are more efficient and environmentally friendly. The sun delivers more energy to the Earth’s surface in one hour than the entire world uses in one year, and realizing the full potential of solar power will require finding effective, inexpensive ways to utilize this vast energy source.

A new paper published in the Journal of the American Chemical Society has identified a possible inorganic material for perovskite solar cells, which provides a lower-cost alternative to the organic polymers currently used in the cells.

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The envelope, please: New study looks at who makes more money in Hollywood

Author: Shannon Chapla

Actress Jennifer Lawrence

With the Golden Globe awards newly announced and the Academy Awards soon to be presented, chatter around the water cooler is likely to include speculation about Hollywood stars: Was Jon Voight the oldest ever Golden Globe winner at age 75? (No.) Was Jennifer Lawrence one of the youngest at age 23? (Not by a long shot.)

For Hollywood stars, top acting honors translate to fame and notoriety, but not necessarily fortune, according to Timothy Judge, professor of management at the University of Notre Dame, and his colleague Irene De Pater.

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ND Expert: Excluding Iran from Syria peace talks 'huge diplomatic mistake'

Author: Shannon Chapla

David Cortright

International peace talks to address Syria’s nearly 3-year-old civil war began today in Montreux, Switzerland (near Geneva), and the decision to exclude Iran from the gathering was a huge diplomatic mistake, according to David Cortright, director of policy studies at the University of Notre Dame’s Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies.

Cortright believes Iran’s presence would have benefited negotiations.

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New study changes conceptions about the determinants of skull development and form

Author: William G. Gilroy

Matthew Ravosa

A new study by a team of researchers led by Matthew Ravosa, professor of biological sciences and concurrent professor of aerospace and mechanical engineering and anthropology at the University of Notre Dame, offers surprising insights into dietary influences on the growing skull.

Ravosa notes that the robust jaws and large, thick-enameled molars of the first human ancestors from Africa, known as australopiths, have long been interpreted as adaptations for hard object feeding, especially in the genus Paranthropus robustus, and to a lesser extent, Australopithecus.

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Notre Dame mourns tragedy at Purdue

Author: Notre Dame News

Blue and gold academic seal

Rev. John I. Jenkins, C.S.C., president of the University of Notre Dame, issued the following statement in the wake of Tuesday’s shooting at Purdue University:

“On behalf of the entire Notre Dame family, I offer our prayers for and condolences to our friends and colleagues at Purdue and all who have been personally touched by today’s tragedy.”

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Rare brown dwarf discovery provides benchmark for future exoplanet research

Author: Gene Stowe

Direct image detection of a rare brown dwarf companion taken at Keck Observatory (Crepp et al. 2014, ApJ)

A team of researchers led by Justin R. Crepp, the Freimann Assistant Professor of Physics at the University of Notre Dame, has directly imaged a very rare type of brown dwarf that can serve as a benchmark for studying objects with masses that lie between stars and planets. The team’s paper on the discovery, “The TRENDS High-Contrast Imaging Survey. V. Discovery of an Old and Cold Benchmark T-dwarf Orbiting the Nearby G-star HD 19467,” was recently published in The Astrophysical Journal.

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Notre Dame to confer two honorary degrees at Rome meeting

Author: Brendan O’Shaugnessy and Michael O. Garvey

Cardinal Jean-Louis Tauran, left, and Maria Voce

At its winter Board meetings in Rome later this month, the University of Notre Dame will confer honorary degrees on leaders of ecumenical dialogue and engagement of the laity.

Cardinal Jean-Louis Tauran, president of the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue, and Maria Voce, president of the Focolare Movement and the only woman to lead a major lay movement within the Catholic Church, will receive honorary doctor of laws degrees during an academic convocation Jan. 27 (Monday) at Notre Dame’s new center in Rome’s San Giovanni neighborhood.

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In memoriam: William G. Storey, professor emeritus of theology

Author: Michael O. Garvey

memoriam_200x200

William G. Storey, professor emeritus of theology at the University of Notre Dame, died Jan. 16 after a brief illness. He was 90.

In his first years at Notre Dame, Storey taught in the then-newly founded doctoral program in liturgical studies and designed the undergraduate program for theology majors.

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Notre Dame to honor Martin Luther King Jr. with prayer service, community events

Author: Brittany Collins

Martin Luther King Jr.

Rev. John I. Jenkins, C.S.C., president of the University of Notre Dame, will preside at a prayer service to honor the legacy of Martin Luther King Jr. from 11:45 a.m. to 12:15 p.m. Monday (Jan. 20) in the Rotunda of the Main Building. The public is invited to participate in the prayer service and the reception that will immediately follow.

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New study reveals links between alcoholic liver disease and the circadian clock

Author: William G. Gilroy

liver

Researchers from the University of Notre Dame and the Indiana University School of Medicine have revealed a putative role for the circadian clock in the liver in the development of alcohol-induced hepatic steatosis, or fatty liver disease.

Hepatic steatosis is the abnormal accumulation of fats in the cells of the liver, and is linked to disturbed control of fat metabolism. Alcohol-induced liver steatosis is produced by excessive alcohol consumption and is linked to hepatitis, or inflammation of the liver.

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ND Experts: Pope Francis and the new cardinals

Author: Michael O. Garvey

John C. Cavadini

On Sunday (Jan. 12), when Pope Francis announced the names of the 19 men he will soon make cardinals, he also gave some University of Notre Dame theologians an inkling of his vision of the Catholic Church.

“Pope Benedict represented a ‘back to basics’ move theologically, and Francis interprets and represents the same move pastorally,” according to John C. Cavadini, professor of theology and McGrath-Cavadini Director of Notre Dame’s Institute for Church Life.

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ND Expert: Abortion-related free speech case gives opportunity to 'correct earlier mistake'

Author: Shannon Chapla

Richard W. Garnett

On Wednesday (Jan. 15), the Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) will hear oral arguments in a case called McCullen v. Coakley, which involves a free-speech challenge to a Massachusetts law that limits speech and expression outside abortion clinics.

University of Notre Dame Law Professor Richard W. Garnett, a former SCOTUS law clerk and First Amendment scholar, says, “The Massachusetts law is a clear and serious violation of the freedom of speech."

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Department of Film, Television, and Theatre presents the 25th Annual Notre Dame Student Film Festival

Author: Arts and Letters

25th Annual Notre Dame Student Film Festival

The University of Notre Dame’s Department of Film, Television, and Theatre (FTT) announces the 25th Annual Notre Dame Student Film Festival from Jan. 23 (Thursday) through Jan. 25 (Saturday) in the Browning Cinema. As in 2013, audience members will be invited to vote for their favorite film via text message. The Audience Choice Award will be presented to the student director(s) of the winning film before the final screening.

Celebrating its 25th year, the Notre Dame Student Film Festival screens films that were made by undergraduate students during the past year as class projects in the Department of Film, Television, and Theatre.

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Notre Dame researchers point to errors in NIST report on iris aging

Author: William G. Gilroy

iris

University of Notre Dame biometrics researchers Kevin Bowyer and Estefan Ortiz have released a paper that points to errors in the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) report on how iris aging affects the accuracy of iris recognition. In addition to describing specific methodological errors in the NIST report, Bowyer and Ortiz presented a list of suggestions to be addressed in a revised version of the NIST report.

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Notre Dame and Loyola join forces against cancer

Author: William G. Gilroy

Karen Dahl lab, Harper Hall

The University of Notre Dame and Loyola University Chicago are joining forces in a multidisciplinary cancer research collaboration.

The goal of the alliance is to provide direct support for revolutionary new cancer research, with the ultimate objective of making cancer a more manageable, and potentially curable, disease.

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