They leave home seeking freedom from political persecution, safety from war or a better chance at gainful employment. They dream of the opportunity to live a more fulfilling life.
The places these transnational migrants seek to go, however, struggle to address the challenging and complex issues associated with regulating the movement of people from one country to another.
An interdisciplinary symposium hosted this week by the University of Notre Dame’s Institute for Latino Studies aims to bridge that divide, facilitating conversation and collaboration between scholars from the United States and Italy who are researching issues related to immigration.
“Transnational Migration in Comparative Perspective: Italy and the United States,” held from Oct. 21 to 23 at Notre Dame’s Rome Global Gateway, offers the chance for academics to learn from one another about each country’s immigration experiences and discuss ways that research can better inform policymakers.
The conference features lectures by faculty members from Notre Dame across a wide range of disciplines, including:
- Mike Amezcua, assistant professor of history
- Alex E. Chávez, assistant professor of anthropology
- Luis Fraga, co-director of the Institute for Latino Studies and the Arthur Foundation Endowed Professor of Transformative Latino Leadership
- Rev. Daniel G. Groody, C.S.C., associate professor of theology and Notre Dame’s director of immigration initiatives
- Jennifer Jones, assistant professor of sociology
- Timothy Matovina, co-director of the Institute for Latino Studies and professor of theology
- Ricardo Ramírez, associate professor of political science
Other participants include faculty members at the University of Milan, Pontifical Urbaniana University, John Cabot University, Sapienza University of Rome, the University of Bologna, and Universitä Cattolica del Sacro Cuore and Fondazione ISMU. For a complete list of participants, see the program schedule here.
The symposium draws on the dynamic, interdisciplinary research on migration being conducted at Notre Dame, including work with the United Nations and World Bank that has helped refugees become more self-reliant and entrepreneurial.
“Refugee camps are designed to be temporary solutions, but the vast amount of war and political upheaval over the last decade have sadly turned them into permanent homes. Most of the people who go into camps spend the rest of their lives there,” said Oka.
“These are people who may have lost their homes and their jobs, but they haven’t lost their skills or their pride. So a large number of them become entrepreneurs and this leads to vibrant informal economies developing in these camps.”