Notre Dame ReSources

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%(pagetitle)p. Notre Dame ReSources
November 2, 2000

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% Community service: Catholic schools are doing the best job of encouraging community involvement and volunteerism, according to the research findings of David Sikkink , assistant professor of sociology and a fellow in Notre Dame’s Program on the Social Organization of Schools. Sikkink used a U.S. Department of Education statistical database to pinpoint the relative commitments to community and involvement and volunteerism among religious, private and public schools. Establishing Catholic schools as the most involved, the study found that students from public “magnet” or theme schools also show a proportionately higher degree of community involvement than other schools. Private secular schools and mainstream public schools show less community and political involvement. Among non-Catholic Christian schools, life appears to revolve more around the church; these students and their schools are less involved in political and community life, according to Sikkink. “This doesn’t happen for Catholic families who are more active in their schools,” Sikkink said. “It seems that the connections between the Catholic school and the community, or at least outreach to the community, are greater.” Professor Sikkink can be reached at (219) 631-3166 or p. Childhood development: Notre Dame psychologist E. Mark Cummings examines the effect of parenting styles, marital functioning and parental depression on childhood development in a new book from Guilford Publications, Inc., titled “Developmental Psychopathology and Family Process: Theory, Research, and Clinical Implications.” Presenting core and cutting-edge principles of developmental psychopathology, Cummings and coauthors Patrick T. Davies and Susan B. Campbell explore the variables that may influence developmental processes and predict the emergence of clinical problems. The authors highlight the interplay of risk and protective factors and consider the ways in which developmental psychopathology points to new directions in the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of child emotional and behavioral disorders. Professor Cummings can be reached at (219) 631-4947 or p. Supreme Court: A Notre Dame Law School professor predicts the 2000-01 Supreme Court term will be just as dynamic as the last. “The court’s last term ended with a series of controversial blockbusters that one might expect would overshadow this new term,” says Rick Garnett , a constitutional law scholar. “In fact, though, this election-year term promises to be no less significant. The divisions on the court over issues of federalism and the scope of national power that have become more and more evident in recent years will again be front and center as the court considers, yet again, the extent of the states’ sovereign immunity and the reach of Congress’s power over the states under the 14th Amendment and the Commerce Clause.”p. “Also of note is a Fourth Amendment case dealing with the drug testing of pregnant women at a public hospital,” says Garnett. “The case will require the court to weigh the state’s right to protect the health of unborn children against mothers’ Fourth Amendment rights, and that will surely tap into the deep divisions over the moral status of unborn children and the right to abortion.”p. ? An important First Amendment case is a challenge to restrictions placed by Congress on the activities of legal-services lawyers funded by the government. “The ruling will implicate not only the conduct and activism ofpublic-interest lawyers, but also has potential implications for school-voucher and charitable-choice proposals ? both of which are at the center of Gov. Bush’s domestic-policy agenda,” Garnett notes. Professor Garnett can be reached at (219) 631-6981 or “”" p. Making cents: The New York Stock Exchange’s switch from pricing in dollars and fractions to dollars and cents is a positive development for investors, says Paul Schultz , John W. and Maude Clarke Professor of Finance at Notre Dame. “The change will make it easier for investors to follow stocks because the prices are easier to understand,” he said. “More importantly, the smallest price increment will now be 1 cent rather than one-sixteenth of a dollar. This may lower trading costs, especially for small investors.”p. Schultz is the coauthor of a landmark 1994 study that led to a $1-billion class-action lawsuit against the Nasdaq stock exchange and to major changes in the rules governing share trading on Nasdaq. Professor Schultz can be reached at (219) 631-3338 or p. Corporate green: Contrary to conventional wisdom, big businesses that adopt strict environmental standards are rewarded with higher stock market performance, according to a study coauthored by Glen Dowell , visiting assistant professor of management at Notre Dame. Of the companies examined in the study, those applying their own strict global environmental standard abroad have an individual value of approximately $10.4 billion higher than those using less stringent U.S. standards. The report, published in Management Study, found a “significant and positive relationship between the market value of a company and the level of environmental standard it uses.” Suggesting that firms that employ high environmental standards are those that strive for eco-efficient production systems, the study “refutes the idea that adoption of global environmental standards by multinational enterprises constitutes a liability that depresses market value.” Professor Dowell can be reached at (219) 631-9372 or p. Business ethics: A new book coauthored by Rev. Oliver F. Williams, C.S.C., academic director of Notre Dame’s Center for Ethics and Religious Values in Business, analyzes how lessons learned from the Sullivan Principles may be used to develop worldwide codes of conduct in today’s business environment. Titled “Economic Imperatives and Ethical Values in Global Business: The South African Experience and International Codes Today,” the book suggests solutions to many of the vexing issues facing large multinational corporations, including human rights, living and working conditions of workers, environmental protection, sustainable growth, and preservation of biodiversity. The foundation of the 448-page book is the Sullivan Principles, a code of conduct created in 1977 by civil rights leader Rev. Leon Sullivan for U.S. companies operating in South Africa. The set of six principles called for corporations to, among other things, eliminate all types of discrimination between white and black workers, recognize black unions, and provide help to black communities with education, health care and other social-support activities.p. ? Father Williams has been asked by 10 leading pharmaceutical companies to mediate a dispute involving the prices of anti-AIDS drugs for the poor in Africa. Government officials in South Africa and global health care organizations have been critical of the pricing structure, while the companies cite the huge research costs associated with these drugs. Father Williams was called upon to serve as a mediator because of his many years of work in South Africa and his personal relationships with South African President Thabo Mbeki and other government leaders. As many as 20 million people in sub-Saharan African are infected with HIV/AIDS. Father Williams can be reached at (219) 631-5761 or

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