Notre Dame ReSources

Author: Dennis Brown, Matt Hendrick & Meghan Hurley

Notre Dame ReSources
October 13, 2000
p. *Please feel free to call the following Notre Dame faculty for additional comment on these people and events in the news:

Middle East: The continuing violence between Palestinians and Israelis is likely to be a “serious setback to the process of negotiation between the two sides,” says Alan Dowty , professor of government and international studies at Notre Dame. “Though in the long run the logic of the peace process is still sound, the immediate impact is likely to be disastrous to the moderate camps on both sides, and especially in Israel. Israeli doves are in shock over the resumption of street violence that in most respects is reminiscent of the intifada of the late 1980s, and that arouses the same international responses as well. In the short run this is a great boost to Israeli hawks, and it may be some time before diplomacy can be put back on track.” Professor Dowty can be reached at (219) 631-5098 or dowty.1@nd.edu p. Milosevic: A Notre Dame political scientist believes “Serbia has started an arduous road to democracy and peace.” Raimo Vayrynen , professor of government and international studies, adds: “The fragmentation of Milosevic’s power apparatus and the delegitimization of his rule in general has made the return to old ways unlikely. Serbs want to open up to the world both politically and economically, but to do so with dignity. After having acquiesced in Milosevic’s rule for years, the Serbs want to put this behind themselves, but not in a manner that seems too transparent. Therefore, nationalism, though a more civic one, is going to be a hallmark of Serbian politics. This means, among other things, that the attitude is going to be cautious toward the West, which will at the same time be expected to provide economic assistance and access to regional and global economic institutions.” Professor Vayrynen can be reached at (219) 631-7857 or vayrynen.1@nd.edu p. Supreme Court: A Notre Dame Law School professor predicts the 2000-01 Supreme Court term will be just as dynamic as the last. “The court’s last term ended with a series of controversial blockbusters that one might expect would overshadow this new term,” says Rick Garnett , a constitutional law scholar. “In fact, though, this election-year term promises to be no less significant. The divisions on the court over issues of federalism and the scope of national power that have become more and more evident in recent years will again be front and center as the court considers, yet again, the extent of the states’ sovereign immunity and the reach of Congress’s power over the states under the 14th and the Commerce Clause.”p. ? “Also of note is a Fourth Amendment case dealing with the drug testing of pregnant women at a public hospital,” says Garnett. “The case will require the court to weigh the state’s right to protect the health of unborn children against mothers’ Fourth Amendment rights, and that will surely tap into the deep divisions over the moral status of unborn children and the right to abortion.”p. ? An important First Amendment case is a challenge to restrictions placed by Congress on the activities of legal-services lawyers funded by the government. “The ruling will implicate not only the conduct and activism of public-interest lawyers, but also has potential implications for school-voucher and charitable-choice proposals ? both of which are at the center of Gov. Bush’s domestic-policy agenda,” Garnett notes. Professor Garnett can be reached at (219) 631-6981 or garnett.4@nd.edu p. Democracy: With the 2000 presidential campaign now in its final month, Notre Dame Press has published a new book that takes an in-depth look at the democratic ideal and assesses the present condition of democracy. In “Voices of Democracy” author Bernard Murchland focuses on both the problems and possibilities of democracy and examines the different arguments made against it. Through interviews with some of the world’s major political thinkers of our time, he confronts the backbone of our society and examines the need for reform in the 21st century. Murchland is a professor of philosophy at Ohio Wesleyan University. For more information, contact the Notre Dame Press at (219) 631-6346. p. Kerouac: The spiritual quests of Beat Generation novelist Jack Kerouac are chronicled and illuminated through a close examination of his writing in a new book by Benedict Giamo , professor and chair of American studies at Notre Dame. “Kerouac, the Word and the Way: Prose Artist as Spiritual Quester” is being published this month by Southern Illinois University Press. Intuitive and innovative, Kerouac created prose styles that reflected his search for personal meaning and spiritual intensity. Tracking Kerouac’s journey, Giamo carefully explores his written work, beginning with his first novel, “Town and Country,” and ending with “Big Sur,” which Giamo sees as the final turning point in Kerouac’s quest. Giamo also captures Kerouac’s capacity to test and celebrate the profane depths and transcendental heights of experience, highlighting his balance of Catholic and Buddhist spirituality. Professor Giamo can be reached at (219) 631-7141 or giamo.4@nd.edu p. Making cents: The New York Stock Exchange’s switch from pricing in dollars and fractions to dollars and cents is a positive development for investors, says Paul Schultz , John W. and Maude Clarke Professor of Finance at Notre Dame. “The change will make it easier for investors to follow stocks because the prices are easier to understand,” he said. “More importantly, the smallest price increment will now be 1 cent rather than one-sixteenth of a dollar. This may lower trading costs, especially for small investors.”p. ? Schultz is the coauthor of a landmark 1994 study that led to a $1-billion class-action lawsuit against the Nasdaq stock exchange and to major changes in the rules governing share trading on Nasdaq. Professor Schultz can be reached at (219) 631-3338 or schultz.19@nd.edu p. Trojan Horse: At a time when infectious diseases are demonstrating increased resistance to antibiotics, a Notre Dame scientist has reported major advances in developing both new drugs and new means to deliver old ones. Marvin J. Miller , George and Winifred Clark Professor of Chemistry and Biochemistry at Notre Dame, unveils the latest findings from his laboratory in the cover story of the Aug. 11 issue of The Journal of Organic Chemistry. Working with the knowledge that many microbes utilize transporting agents called siderophores to absorb much-needed iron, Miller and his colleagues have developed a “Trojan Horse” approach to delivering antibiotics by binding them to siderophores. Because microbes recognize a siderophore as an iron-delivery agent important to their survival, they absorb it and, in effect, commit suicide since the attached drug is lethal to them. Research results indicate that using this alternate mode of drug delivery to “sneak” antibiotics into germs may rejuvenate old drugs that relied on passive diffusion and to which resistance had developed.p. ? Miller’s recent work has produced two other important results. He and his colleagues have found that synthetic compounds of some siderophores can have antimicrobial activity themselves, a discovery that has led to a potent new class of antituberculosis agents. They also have found that some synthetic siderophores have considerable potential as nontoxic, organ-selective magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agents. Professor Miller can be reached at (219) 631-7571 or miller.2@nd.edu p. Corporate green: Contrary to conventional wisdom, big businesses that adopt strict environmental standards are rewarded with higher stock market performance, according to a study coauthored by Glen Dowell , visiting assistant professor of management at Notre Dame. Of the companies examined in the study, those applying their own strict global environmental standard abroad have an individual value of approximately $10.4 billion higher than those using less stringent U.S. standards. The report, published in Management Study, found a “significant and positive relationship between the market value of a company and the level of environmental standard it uses.” Suggesting that firms that employ high environmental standards are those that strive for eco-efficient production systems, the study “refutes the idea that adoption of global environmental standards by multinational enterprises constitutes a liability that depresses market value.” Professor Dowell can be reached at (219) 631-9372 or dowell.2@nd.edu p. Business ethics: A new book coauthored by Rev. Oliver F. Williams, C.S.C. , academic director of Notre Dame’s Center for Ethics and Religious Values in Business, analyzes how lessons learned from the Sullivan Principles may be used to develop worldwide codes of conduct in today’s business environment. Titled “Economic Imperatives and Ethical Values in Global Business: The South African Experience and International Codes Today,” the book suggests solutions to many of the vexing issues facing large multinational corporations, including human rights, living and working conditions of workers, environmental protection, sustainable growth, and preservation of biodiversity. The foundation of the 448-page book is the Sullivan Principles, a code of conduct created in 1977 by civil rights leader Rev. Leon Sullivan for U.S. companies operating in South Africa. The set of six principles called for corporations to, among other things, eliminate all types of discrimination between white and black workers, recognize black unions, and provide help to black communities with education, health care and other social-support activities.p. ? Father Williams has been asked by 10 leading pharmaceutical companies to mediate a dispute involving the prices of anti-AIDS drugs for the poor in Africa. Government officials in South Africa and global health care organizations have been critical of the pricing structure, while the companies cite the huge research costs associated with these drugs. Father Williams was called upon to serve as a mediator because of his many years of work in South Africa and his personal relationships with South African President Thabo Mbeki and other government leaders. As many as 20 million people in sub-Saharan African are infected with HIV/AIDS. Father Williams can be reached at (219) 631-5761 or williams.80@nd.edu

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