Notre Dame ReSources

Author: Dennis Brown

Notre Dame ReSources
March 1-7, 1998

p. Please feel free to call the following Notre Dame faculty for additional comment on these people and events in the news:
p. p. Campaign finance reform : The end of campaign finance reform legislation, at least for now, came not a moment too soon for Connel Fullenkamp , assistant professor of finance and business economics at Notre Dame. “I, for one, was glad to see the death of made-for-TV campaign finance reform,” he says. “Limiting soft money and other donations is sound-bite policymaking. It is easy to understand and it makes Congress look good, but it oversimplifies the problem. And in this case, limiting soft money would actually lead to more campaign finance abuse, not less, because it would make candidates more desperate for money. So, the choice was between keeping a broken system and breaking it some more. If there is any consolation, it is that the issue certainly will be back in the spotlight before too long. This gives us some time to think about what the real cause of campaign abuse is, and what the purposes of the campaign financing system should be. We have the opportunity to come up with a thoughtful plan for campaign finance reform by the time the next opportunity arises, and we should take advantage of this lull.” ( (219) 631-8432; fullenkamp.1@nd.edu: fullenkamp.1@nd.edu *
p. *Business ethics
: Notre Dame marketing professor Patrick Murphy examines business ethics from a unique perspective in a new book published by Notre Dame Press. In “Eighty Exemplary Ethics Statements,” Murphy presents and comments on the codes of conduct at some of the world’s leading corporations and organizations. He also offers seven principles to follow in developing such statements and concludes with advice on how to move beyond rhetoric to infuse ethics into an organization. (219) 631-6419 p. Bed-sharing, breast-feeding and SIDS : A recent study by Notre Dame anthropologist James McKenna finds that infants who routinely share a bed with their mothers breast-feed approximately three times longer during the night than those who usually sleep alone. Since breast-feeding is thought to be protective against sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), McKenna suggests that bed-sharing may enhance that connection. (219) 631-3816 p. Creationism vs. evolution : Notre Dame philosopher Alvin Plantinga and a colleague at the University of California at Berkeley recently convinced the National Association of Biology Teachers to remove anti-religious language from its statement on evolution. The association’s previous position read, in part, “The diversity of life on earth is the outcome of evolution: an unsupervised, impersonal, unpredictable and natural process.” After Plantinga and Huston Smith from Berkeley argued in a letter that “unsupervised” and “impersonal” go beyond scientific evidence, the association dropped those words. “I was a little surprised, actually, but very pleased,” Plantinga told the South Bend Tribune. “There is so much heat in this area ? people’s faith, people’s ideology is involved ? that often straightforward, rational discussion doesn’t work well.” (219) 631-7339 p. Lewinsky : Independent counsel Kenneth Starr should grant immunity to Monica Lewinsky “only if she can implicate President Clinton in obstruction of justice or subornation of perjury, and, even then, only if Starr can independently corroborate significant portions of her testimony” says Jimmy Gurule , professor of law at Notre Dame, in an op-ed for USA Today. “In the absence of corroborating evidence, her credibility is otherwise so damaged that she is of little value to Starr as a witness.” (219) 631-5917 p. Impeachment : A president can be impeached for, among other things, “high crimes and misdemeanors,” a term that has a history dating back almost 400 years, says Douglas Kmiec , professor of law at Notre Dame. “It originated primarily in the British Parliament’s attempt to control King Charles I, who in the mid-1600s disregarded legislative acts and argued instead that he was the embodiment of the law speaking,” Kmiec says. " The English history is instructive because it was well known to our Constitutional framers, and it suggests unequivocally that impeachment is a political remedy, not a criminal one. It is a remedy for injury to the body politic, not for deterring specific crimes or punishing them. Sir William Blackstone, whose 18th century treatise taught Adams, Jefferson and Madison the law, defines high crimes and misdemeanors as neglect of duty, encroachment on the powers of the other branches, and fundamental betrayal of the public trust. Similarly, Alexander Hamilton in Federalist No. 65 calls impeachment a remedy for ‘abuse or violation of some political trust.’ " (Professor Kmiec is visiting at Pepperdine University and can be reached at 310-456-4664 .)p. Israel : Alan Dowty , professor of government and international studies at Notre Dame, examines the formation and development of Israel in a new book titled “The Jewish State: A Century Later.” Published by the University of California Press, the 331-page book provides a comprehensive interpretative study of the historical roots and contemporary functioning of Israel. The success of Jewish politics, Dowty concludes, has been its capacity for power-sharing, and his demonstration of this fact reveals the strengths and weaknesses of Israeli democracy in responding to the challenges of communal divisions, religious contention, non-Jewish minorities, and accommodation with the Palestinians. (219) 631-5098; dowty.1@nd.edu: dowty.1@nd.edu *
p. *Lowdown on lawyers
: The longest serving law school dean in the nation, David Link of Notre Dame, says the legal profession has hit rock bottom and can be saved only by ridding itself of a system that cares only about winning, regardless of the truth. “The adversarial system is not about justice but about winning,” Link says. “Lawyers are perceived as hired guns, greedy and willing to do anything for the money. My solution for restoring the reputation to the legal profession is to scrap adversarial ethics. Let’s see what we can work out to make sure justice is done.” (219) 631-7015 p. Feminism : Rebecca Bordt , assistant professor of sociology at Notre Dame, examines the impact of feminism on the organizational styles of women’s nonprofit groups in a new book published by Indiana University Press. In “The Structure of Women’s Nonprofit Organizations,” Bordt studies groups founded in New York City between 1967 and 1988 to determine whether the feminist ideal of collective, nonhierarchical modes of organizational structures have evolved. She finds that women have moved beyond their original preoccupation with organizational form and, more specifically, their denigration of bureaucracy and their romanticization of collectives. Instead, she says, hybrid structures have emerged that suggest women have been willing to step outside both the bureaucratic mainstream and the collectivist alternative to create new structural models. (219) 631-7619 p. Catholics divided : American Catholics born after Vatican II exhibit a statistical lessening of “Catholic identity,” according to “The Search for Common Ground: What Unites and Divides Catholic Americans,” a new book written by a team of scholars including Notre Dame’s Richard Lamanna and Kathleen Maas Weigert . “Unless steps are taken,” the authors warn, the church faces “dwindling faithfulness among young Catholics, diminishing awareness of God’s presence in the lives of Catholic adults, further erosion of Catholic identity, and a declining sense that the Church is worth supporting.” The book offers suggestions for reversing these trends, including a renewed emphasis by parents and teachers on prayer and the sacraments, and a commitment to methods of teaching that avoid the disciplinary approach of pre-Vatican II catechization. Lamanna: (219) 631-6568; Weigert: (219) 631-5319
p. Workplace leadership : A new book edited by Robert Vecchio , the Franklin D. Schurz Professor of Management at Notre Dame, examines leadership in the workplace. Published by the University of Notre Dame Press, “Leadership: Understanding the Dynamics of Power and Influence in Organizations” is an anthology of key writings by leading scholars in the field. The 592-page book is composed of 33 chapters, including eight written by Vecchio, and examines six facets of leadership: the myths and facts of what leaders do, power and influence, dysfunctional aspects of leadership, models of leadership, alternative views of leadership, and emerging issues. The book is designed to be both a text for advanced students of business, sociology and psychology and a resource for business professionals, educators, health-care workers, public administrators, law enforcement personnel, and directors of not-for-profit organizations. (219) 631-6073 p. Notre Dame notes : " Lee Krajewski ":http://www.nd.edu/~prinfo/news/1998/2-27.html , the William R. and Cassie Daley Professor of Manufacturing Strategy at Notre Dame, has been elected to the presidency of Decision Sciences Institute … The Social Concerns Seminars at Notre Dame ? the most comprehensive experiential and service-learning program in American higher education ? will send 158 students to " Haiti, Canada and 14 sites in the United States ":http://www.nd.edu/~prinfo/news/1998/2-27a.html during the University’s spring break (March 6-15) … The new, Trafalgar Square site of Notre Dame’s " London Study Centre ":http://www.nd.edu/~prinfo/news/1998/2-23a.html will be named Marian Kennedy Fischer Hall, honoring the mother of the Notre Dame alumnus who is underwriting the project. Charles K. Fischer and family of Fort Worth, Texas, have made possible the renovation of the historic building, located at Nos. 1-4 Suffolk Street in the heart of London … With an $8-million gift from a benefactor wishing to remain anonymous, Notre Dame has established the " Edward Frederick Sorin Program for Academic Distinction ":http://www.nd.edu/~prinfo/news/1998/1-26.html , comprising new endowed professorships devoted to areas of excellence in six of the University’s academic units … " Carolyn Woo “:http://www.nd.edu/~prinfo/news/1998/1-22.html , Gillen Dean of the College of Business Administration, has been named one of the 40 *”young leaders" of American academe* by Change magazine, the journal of the American Association for Higher Education … Vanderbilt University has created a chaired professorship in Catholic studies in honor of " Rev. Edward A. Malloy, C.S.C. ":http://www.nd.edu/~prinfo/news/1998/1-12.html , Notre Dame’s president and a graduate of Vanderbilt’s doctoral program in Christian ethics … Father Malloy has been appointed to a three-year term on the board of the National Association of Independent Colleges and Universities .

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