Notre Dame ReSources
March 15-21, 1998
p. Please feel free to call the following Notre Dame faculty for additional comment on these people and events in the news:
p. p. Holocaust I : The only rabbi teaching full time at a Catholic University says the statement released this week by the Vatican’s Commission on Religious Relations with the Jews is an important step for Christians as well as Jews. Rabbi Michael Signer , the Abrams Professor of Jewish Thought and Culture at Notre Dame, says: " ‘We Remember: A Reflection on the Shoah’ makes the long and tormented history of Christian sponsored hatred for Jews and the Holocaust a ‘Christian problem.’ No longer can a Christian deny the Holocaust; no longer can a Christian endorse theological statements which undermine the eternal love that God has for the Jewish people. Despite these important advances in Christians’ understanding of their past and future relationships with the Jewish people, the document is overly cautious and in some cases too apologetic about the actions of the Church hierarchy and the papacy during the Nazi period. Many Jews who are fervent supporters of the efforts of the Commission for Religious Relations with the Jews will surely be disappointed by this caution or evasion. What is most important for both Christians and Jews now is to engage in vigorous discussion and debate about the document. To continue our discussions in the spirit of mutual respect is the imperative for the future." (219) 631-7635; firstname.lastname@example.org: email@example.com *
p. *Holocaust II : “We Remember: A Reflection of the Shoah,” the statement released this week by the Vatican Commission on Religious Relations with the Jews, “did not satisfy all the critics of the church, including those who wished for a more thoroughgoing exploration of Christianity’s various contributions to the anti-Jewish ? and anti-Semitic ? attitudes that created a plausible social climate for the Holocaust,” says R. Scott Appleby , associate professor of history and director of Notre Dame’s Cushwa Center for the Study of American Catholicism. "A more detailed communal examination of conscience surely would have acknowledged the way Christian teachings themselves, not always inadvertently, fostered a sense that Christians were redeemed and that non-Christians, especially Jews, remained guilty for their sins. And one might question the Commission’s decision not to engage directly the recent criticisms of Pope Pius XII’s policies toward the Nazi persecution of the Jews.
“All this being said,” Appleby continues, “the document is significant ? and welcome ? for at least three reasons. First, it is a striking example of the profound internal evolution of Roman Catholicism since World War II. As the commission explains in the opening paragraphs, the document is but one piece in a much larger end-of-millennium mosaic of Catholic recollection of and repentance for ‘all those times in history when (Christians) departed from the spirits of Christ and his Gospel and, instead of offering to the world the witness of a life inspired by the values of faith, indulged in ways of thinking and acting which were truly forms of counter-witness and scandal.’ Second, as a prominent act of public repentance by the pope and the Vatican in the name of all Catholics, it sets a healthy example of critical self-scrutiny for all religious communities, few of which are without blemishes on their historical records. Third, it is a useful teaching document, part of the public domain, ‘out there’ to be criticized, praised and parsed by pastors, professors and pundits. And, as the commission itself indicated, the document is not the last word on Catholicism’s ? or the institutional church’s ? complicated and diverse roles during the Holocaust.” (219) 631-5441; firstname.lastname@example.org: email@example.com *
p. *All-girls schools : It is useful to reflect on history when analyzing the recent report by the American Association of University Women (AAUW) on the effects of all-girl schools on girls’ mathematics performance, says Notre Dame sociologist Maureen Hallinan , the William P. and Hazel B. White Professor of Arts and Letters and director of the University’s Institute for Educational Initiatives. “In the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education case, the Supreme Court ruled that separate but equal schools for blacks are unconstitutional,” Hallinan says. "The reasoning behind the decision was that segregated black schools provided an inferior education for blacks, compared to white schools. In the aftermath of desegregation, researchers studied the mechanisms that link desegregation to improved performance of black students. They identified academic role models, peer influences, teacher expectations, academic climate, quality of curriculum and quantity of instruction as factors linking desegregation to the higher achievement of black students.
“Based on a number of empirical studies,” she continues, “the AAUW report concludes that sex-segregated schools do not improve girls’ mathematics achievement, but do improve their self-image or self-confidence. The critical question here is whether gender segregation affects the opportunities for students to learn in the classroom. That is, do gender segregated classrooms promote instructional and social psychological mechanisms that affect learning in a way that does not occur in mixed gender classrooms. The survey analyses and case studies on which the AAUW report is based do not discover mechanisms in all-girls classes that stimulate learning for girls in a way that differs from mixed gender classrooms. Apparently, unlike racially segregated schools in the 1950s, schools segregated by gender do not have a unique impact on student learning. On the other hand, all-girls schools are associated with increased self-confidence for girls. This is an intriguing finding, especially since one would expect self-confidence to be linked to academic success. More systematic research is needed to uncover the complex relationships among gender, social psychological processes and success in mathematics. Without research of this nature, conclusions about the role of sex segregation in promoting females’ mathematics achievement are premature.” (219) 631-7158; firstname.lastname@example.org: email@example.com *
p. *Carrots vs. sticks : Two Fellows in Notre Dame’s Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies, George Lopez and David Cortright , examine the effectiveness of sanctions and incentives in foreign policy in “Carrots, Sticks and Cooperation: Economic Tools of Statecraft,” a chapter in a new book titled “Causes and Strategies for Preventive Action.” The authors contend that incentives (carrots) may be preferable to sanctions (sticks), especially in light of the latter’s negative impact on market forces and vulnerable populations. The chapter examines several recent multilateral sanctions cases, including Iraq, and incentives cases, including North Korea and Pakistan. Lopez: (219) 631-6972 ; Cortright: (219) 8536 p. Yellow fever : A major advance has been made in the effort to control the transmission of yellow fever and dengue viruses, Notre Dame entomologist Frank Collins , Clark Professor of Biological Sciences, reports in an upcoming issue of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA. Collins’s research team is genetically altering the capacity to support yellow fever and dengue virus replication in wild Aedes Aegypti mosquitos, the viruses’ most important vector. Dengue fever annually infects 2 billion people worldwide and yellow fever epidemics have re-emerged in Africa and South America, Collins says. (219) 631-9245 p. Business ethics : Notre Dame marketing professor Patrick Murphy examines business ethics from a unique perspective in a new book published by Notre Dame Press. In “Eighty Exemplary Ethics Statements,” Murphy presents and comments on the codes of conduct at some of the world’s leading corporations and organizations. He also offers seven principles to follow in developing such statements and concludes with advice on how to move beyond rhetoric to infuse ethics into an organization. (219) 631-6419 p. Bed-sharing, breast-feeding and SIDS : A recent study by Notre Dame anthropologist James McKenna finds that infants who routinely share a bed with their mothers breast-feed approximately three times longer during the night than those who usually sleep alone. Since breast-feeding is thought to be protective against sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), McKenna suggests that bed-sharing may enhance that connection. (219) 631-3816 p. Israel : Alan Dowty , professor of government and international studies at Notre Dame, examines the formation and development of Israel in a new book titled “The Jewish State: A Century Later.” Published by the University of California Press, the 331-page book provides a comprehensive interpretative study of the historical roots and contemporary functioning of Israel. The success of Jewish politics, Dowty concludes, has been its capacity for power-sharing, and his demonstration of this fact reveals the strengths and weaknesses of Israeli democracy in responding to the challenges of communal divisions, religious contention, non-Jewish minorities, and accommodation with the Palestinians. (219) 631-5098; firstname.lastname@example.org: email@example.com *
p. *Workplace leadership : A new book edited by Robert Vecchio , the Franklin D. Schurz Professor of Management at Notre Dame, examines leadership in the workplace. Published by the University of Notre Dame Press, “Leadership: Understanding the Dynamics of Power and Influence in Organizations” is an anthology of key writings by leading scholars in the field. The 592-page book is composed of 33 chapters, including eight written by Vecchio, and examines six facets of leadership: the myths and facts of what leaders do, power and influence, dysfunctional aspects of leadership, models of leadership, alternative views of leadership, and emerging issues. The book is designed to be both a text for advanced students of business, sociology and psychology and a resource for business professionals, educators, health-care workers, public administrators, law enforcement personnel, and directors of not-for-profit organizations. (219) 631-6073 p. Notre Dame notes : A international group of scholars of Asian political, cultural and economic affairs will participate in a symposium titled “The Pacific Century Postponed? " Friday (March 20) in the auditorium of the Hesburgh Center for International Studies … " Frank Incropera ":http://www.nd.edu/~prinfo/news/1998/3-11d.html , currently head of the School of Mechanical Engineering at Purdue University, has been appointed the new Matthew H. McCloskey Dean Notre Dame’s College of Engineering … " Lee Krajewski ":http://www.nd.edu/~prinfo/news/1998/2-27.html , the William R. and Cassie Daley Professor of Manufacturing Strategy at Notre Dame, has been elected to the presidency of Decision Sciences Institute … The new, Trafalgar Square site of Notre Dame’s " London Study Centre ":http://www.nd.edu/~prinfo/news/1998/2-23a.html will be named Marian Kennedy Fischer Hall, honoring the mother of the Notre Dame alumnus who is underwriting the project. Charles K. Fischer and family of Fort Worth, Texas, have made possible the renovation of the historic building, located at Nos. 1-4 Suffolk Street in the heart of London