Notre Dame ReSources

Author: Dennis Brown

Notre Dame ReSources
March 8-14, 1998

p. Please feel free to call the following Notre Dame faculty for additional comment on these people and events in the news:
p. p. Lewinsky I : The allegations against President Clinton ? whether true or not ? diminish the office of the presidency, says Robert Schmuhl , chair and professor of American studies at Notre Dame. “What gets lost in this whole thing is the presidency and all that it symbolizes,” says Schmuhl, who recently published “Wounded Titans: American Presidents and the Perils of Power.” “The office symbolizes a certain trust and credibility, and it is a personification of what the nation represents. There is a goose-bump notion of respect for the presidency as the symbol of the nation, and that, more than anything, has been lost.” (219) 631-7316; *
p. *Lewinsky II
: Independent counsel Kenneth Starr should grant immunity to Monica Lewinsky “only if she can implicate President Clinton in obstruction of justice or subornation of perjury, and, even then, only if Starr can independently corroborate significant portions of her testimony” says Jimmy Gurule , professor of law at Notre Dame, in an op-ed for USA Today. “In the absence of corroborating evidence, her credibility is otherwise so damaged that she is of little value to Starr as a witness.” (219) 631-5917 p. Carrots vs. sticks : Two Fellows in Notre Dame’s Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies, George Lopez and David Cortright , examine the effectiveness of sanctions and incentives in foreign policy in “Carrots, Sticks and Cooperation: Economic Tools of Statecraft,” a chapter in a new book titled “Causes and Strategies for Preventive Action.” The authors contend that incentives (carrots) may be preferable to sanctions (sticks), especially in light of the latter’s negative impact on market forces and vulnerable populations. The chapter references several recent multilateral sanctions cases, including Iraq, and incentives cases, including North Korea and Pakistan. Lopez: (219) 631-6972; Cortright: (219) 8536
p. Sprewell : In the wake of an arbitrator’s decision to reduce the NBA’s penalty against Latrell Sprewell for choking his coach, the league should consider strengthening the “moral turpitude” provision of its player contracts, says Robert Vecchio , the Franklin D. Schurz Professor of Management at Notre Dame. “The issue seems to center, in my mind, around whether the contract’s provision concerning the ‘moral turpitude’ basis for allowing dismissal was sufficiently strong, in that arbitration followed the decision to enforce this provision of the contract,” says Vecchio, an expert in leadership, employee motivation and employee job satisfaction. “The league needs to consider rewriting and strengthening this provision of their contracts. These days, employment contracts have evolved so as largely to protect employee rights, rather than employer rights. There is a need to restore balance in the interpretation of such contractual arrangements. Most work-a-day employees do not have the benefits of a formal contractual arrangement with their employers, and so are open to a more subjective interpretation of conduct and appropriate penalty.” (219) 631-6073 or *
p. *Yellow fever
: A major advance has been made in the effort to control the transmission of yellow fever and dengue viruses, Notre Dame entomologist Frank Collins , Clark Professor of Biological Sciences, reports in an upcoming issue of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA. Collins’ research team is genetically altering the capacity to support yellow fever and dengue virus replication in wild Aedes Aegypti mosquitos, the viruses’ most important vector. Dengue fever annually infects 2 billion people worldwide and yellow fever epidemics have re-emerged in Africa and South America, Collins says. (219) 631-9245 p. Campaign finance reform : The end of campaign finance reform legislation, at least for now, came not a moment too soon for Connel Fullenkamp , assistant professor of finance and business economics at Notre Dame. “I, for one, was glad to see the death of made-for-TV campaign finance reform,” he says. “Limiting soft money and other donations is sound-bite policymaking. It is easy to understand and it makes Congress look good, but it oversimplifies the problem. And in this case, limiting soft money would actually lead to more campaign finance abuse, not less, because it would make candidates more desperate for money. So, the choice was between keeping a broken system and breaking it some more. If there is any consolation, it is that the issue certainly will be back in the spotlight before too long. This gives us some time to think about what the real cause of campaign abuse is, and what the purposes of the campaign financing system should be. We have the opportunity to come up with a thoughtful plan for campaign finance reform by the time the next opportunity arises, and we should take advantage of this lull.” (219) 631-8432; *
p. *Business ethics
: Notre Dame marketing professor Patrick Murphy examines business ethics from a unique perspective in a new book published by Notre Dame Press. In “Eighty Exemplary Ethics Statements,” Murphy presents and comments on the codes of conduct at some of the world’s leading corporations and organizations. He also offers seven principles to follow in developing such statements and concludes with advice on how to move beyond rhetoric to infuse ethics into an organization. (219) 631-6419 p. Bed-sharing, breast-feeding and SIDS : A recent study by Notre Dame anthropologist James McKenna finds that infants who routinely share a bed with their mothers breast-feed approximately three times longer during the night than those who usually sleep alone. Since breast-feeding is thought to be protective against sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), McKenna suggests that bed-sharing may enhance that connection. (219) 631-3816 p. Creationism vs. evolution : Notre Dame philosopher Alvin Plantinga and a colleague at the University of California at Berkeley recently convinced the National Association of Biology Teachers to remove anti-religious language from its statement on evolution. The association’s previous position read, in part, “The diversity of life on earth is the outcome of evolution: an unsupervised, impersonal, unpredictable and natural process.” After Plantinga and Huston Smith from Berkeley argued in a letter that “unsupervised” and “impersonal” go beyond scientific evidence, the association dropped those words. “I was a little surprised, actually, but very pleased,” Plantinga told the South Bend Tribune. “There is so much heat in this area ? people’s faith, people’s ideology is involved ? that often straightforward, rational discussion doesn’t work well.” (219) 631-7339 p. Israel : Alan Dowty , professor of government and international studies at Notre Dame, examines the formation and development of Israel in a new book titled “The Jewish State: A Century Later.” Published by the University of California Press, the 331-page book provides a comprehensive interpretative study of the historical roots and contemporary functioning of Israel. The success of Jewish politics, Dowty concludes, has been its capacity for power-sharing, and his demonstration of this fact reveals the strengths and weaknesses of Israeli democracy in responding to the challenges of communal divisions, religious contention, non-Jewish minorities, and accommodation with the Palestinians. (219) 631-5098; *
p. *Feminism
: Rebecca Bordt , assistant professor of sociology at Notre Dame, examines the impact of feminism on the organizational styles of women’s nonprofit groups in a new book published by Indiana University Press. In “The Structure of Women’s Nonprofit Organizations,” Bordt studies groups founded in New York City between 1967 and 1988 to determine whether the feminist ideal of collective, nonhierarchical modes of organizational structures have evolved. She finds that women have moved beyond their original preoccupation with organizational form and, more specifically, their denigration of bureaucracy and their romanticization of collectives. Instead, she says, hybrid structures have emerged that suggest women have been willing to step outside both the bureaucratic mainstream and the collectivist alternative to create new structural models. (219) 631-7619 p. Catholics divided : American Catholics born after Vatican II exhibit a statistical lessening of “Catholic identity,” according to “The Search for Common Ground: What Unites and Divides Catholic Americans,” a new book written by a team of scholars including Notre Dame’s Richard Lamanna and Kathleen Maas Lamanna . “Unless steps are taken,” the authors warn, the church faces “dwindling faithfulness among young Catholics, diminishing awareness of God’s presence in the lives of Catholic adults, further erosion of Catholic identity, and a declining sense that the Church is worth supporting.” The book offers suggestions for reversing these trends, including a renewed emphasis by parents and teachers on prayer and the sacraments, and a commitment to methods of teaching that avoid the disciplinary approach of pre-Vatican II catechization. Lamanna: (219) 631-6568; Weigert: (219) 631-5319 p. Workplace leadership : A new book edited by Robert Vecchio , the Franklin D. Schurz Professor of Management at Notre Dame, examines leadership in the workplace. Published by the University of Notre Dame Press, “Leadership: Understanding the Dynamics of Power and Influence in Organizations” is an anthology of key writings by leading scholars in the field. The 592-page book is composed of 33 chapters, including eight written by Vecchio, and examines six facets of leadership: the myths and facts of what leaders do, power and influence, dysfunctional aspects of leadership, models of leadership, alternative views of leadership, and emerging issues. The book is designed to be both a text for advanced students of business, sociology and psychology and a resource for business professionals, educators, health-care workers, public administrators, law enforcement personnel, and directors of not-for-profit organizations. (219) 631-6073 p. Notre Dame notes : " Frank Incropera ": , currently head of the School of Mechanical Engineering at Purdue University, has been appointed the new Matthew H. McCloskey Dean of " Notre Dame’s College of Engineering … Lee Krajewski ": , the William R. and Cassie Daley Professor of Manufacturing Strategy at Notre Dame, has been elected to the presidency of Decision Sciences Institute … The Social Concerns Seminars at Notre Dame ? the most comprehensive experiential and service-learning program in American higher education ? will send 158 students to " Haiti, Canada and 14 sites in the United States ": during the University’s spring break (March 6-15) … The new, Trafalgar Square site of Notre Dame’s " London Study Centre ": will be named Marian Kennedy Fischer Hall, honoring the mother of the Notre Dame alumnus who is underwriting the project. Charles K. Fischer and family of Fort Worth, Texas, have made possible the renovation of the historic building, located at Nos. 1-4 Suffolk Street in the heart of London

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