Notre Dame ReSources

Author: Dennis Brown and Cynthia Day

The following Notre Dame faculty are available for additional comment on these people and events in the news:
p. Kosovo/Sovereignty : NATO’s military action in Serbia is a departure from traditional international law regarding national sovereignty, says Notre Dame political scientist Alan Dowty. “In practice, and to a great extent in theory, the absolute inviolability of sovereign territory no longer exists,” says Dowty, professor of government and international studies. “The fact of the matter is that the Security Council and the United Nations have increased intervention.” Dowty says the reasons for intervention vary but action should not be discouraged when international will dictates involvement. “In some cases, (the fact that there is no intervention) is a lack of will,” he says. “When a case comes along and there is a will, that doesn’t make it wrong because it’s inconsistent.” For further comment, contact Professor Dowty at (219) 631-5098. p. Kosovo/Refugees : The exodus of ethnic Albanians from Kosovo has created a “refugee crisis (that) quickly has dwarfed the political and military aspects” of the conflict in Kosovo, says Gil Loescher , professor of government and international studies at Notre Dame. The crisis is wreaking havoc in not just Serbia, but also neighboring Albania and Macedonia. “This has seriously destabilized these countries,” he says, adding that is precisely the aim of Serbian president Slobodan Milosevic. “We’re talking about a systematic effort to depopulate a country of 90 percent of its people.” *For further comment, contact Professor Loescher at (219) 631-7096 or at

  • p. Lockerbie : The trial of two Libyans charged in the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland, will “herald some significant new developments in international law and politics,” according to Paolo Corozza , associate professor of law at Notre Dame. “The Lockerbie trial marks the culmination of intense cooperation among international institutions, principally the United Nations Security Council and a number of different nations ? the United Kingdom, U.S., Netherlands, South Africa ? designed to achieve accountability for serious international crimes. In this sense, the special Scottish court convened for this trial is clearly acting as an organ of both Scotland and the international community. I see it therefore very much as a part of the same trend toward international cooperation for accountability that we can see in, for instance, the legal battles to bring Pinochet to justice.” *For further comment, contact Professor Carozza at (219) 631-4128 or at
  • p. Philip Morris : The $81-million verdict against Philip Morris this week and a similar verdict entered last month in San Francisco could be the breakthroughs necessary to take tobacco litigation to a second stage, according to Jay Tidmarsh , professor of law at Notre Dame. “If ? and it’s a big if ? the verdicts hold up through the appeal process, tobacco litigation may well be entering its next phase,” Tidmarsh said. “The standard cycle for large mass tort litigation ? for instance, asbestos ? is that early cases usually result in verdicts for the defendant, plaintiffs then achieve some dramatic breakthrough victories, defendants adjust to those victories and begin to win again, plaintiffs then adjust and win, until eventually a mature equilibrium is achieved in which the possibility of a global solution to the entire matter becomes more desirable. Tobacco litigation has been stuck in the first phase of defense victories for about 40 years. If these cases hold up on appeal, a breakthrough will have been achieved, but it will still be at least a decade before there is a truly mature equilibrium. My guess is that, if the breakthrough stage has now been reached, there is likely to be some sort of intervention ? whether legislative or class action ? to attempt to resolve the matter before full maturity.” *For further comment, contact Professor Tidmarsh at (219) 631-6985 or at
  • p. Turbulence : Modifications may be needed to current theories describing the character of turbulence, according to recent experiments by Notre Dame physicist James A. Glazier and colleagues at Tohoku University in Japan. The research has applications in understanding atmospheric airflows and weather, oceanic currents, and the fluidity of metals inside the Earth’s core and of gases within stars. The findings were reported in the March 25 issue of Nature. For further comment, contact Professor Glazier at (219) 631-4010. p. Y2K and the Apocalypse : With the turn of the millennium in sight, apocalyptic fervor is growing among some Christian fundamentalists, but it’s nothing compared to the late 18th century, according to Nathan Hatch , provost and professor of history at Notre Dame. “Particularly in times of social and political insecurity, apocalyptic thinking tends to expand,” Hatch, one of the world’s leading scholars of American religious history, told the Baltimore Sun. “In the 1790s going into 1800, in the wake of the American and French revolutions, the underpinning of society did seem to be shaken. Particularly in the Northeastern United States, there was a huge outpouring of millenarian and apocalyptic work.” For further comment, contact Professor Hatch at (219) 631-6631. p. Notre Dame News: Oscar Arias , former president of Costa Rica and 1987 Nobel Peace Prize laureate, will speak on campus at 2:30 p.m. April 16 (Friday) at McKenna Hall … Eight task forces comprised of more than 100 Notre Dame faculty members have been created to develop at Plan for Academic Advance … Notre Dame will increase undergraduate scholarship grants by 14 percent and tuition by 5.4 percent for the 1999-2000 academic year … Edward J. Conlon , the Edward Frederick Sorin Society Professor of Management, has been appointed editor of The Academy of Management Review … The University has established a Marital Therapy and Research Clinic under the direction of David A. Smith, assistant professor of psychology … The business ethics curriculum at Notre Dame is the best in the nation, according to a new book, the Business Week Guide to the Best Business Schools (6th edition, 1999) … Former Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich will lecture on “Living in the Age of Possibilities” at 7:30 p.m. April 13 at Notre Dame’s Stepan Center. *

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