Notre Dame ReSources

Author: Dennis Brown and Cynthia Day

The following Notre Dame faculty are available for additional comment on these people and events in the news:

Computing : A functioning logic gate based on a transistorless approach to computing called quantum-dot cellular automata (QCA) is reported by University of Notre Dame scientists in the April 9 issue of the prestigious journal Science. QCA is an effort to bring information storage down to the molecular level by encoding digital data in the positions of only two electrons. The logic gate is the most basic element of digital computers. “This experiment is significant in that it demonstrates that what we predicted in theory is how the logic gate in fact functions in a QCA device,” said Gregory Snider , assistant professor of electrical engineering, who headed the research team. According to Snider, recently funded future QCA experiments will explore molecular-sized (rather than quantum-sized) QCA cells. For further comment, contact Professor Snider at (219) 631-4148.

Kosovo/Sovereignty : NATO’s military action in Serbia is a departure from traditional international law regarding national sovereignty, says Notre Dame political scientist Alan Dowty . “In practice, and to a great extent in theory, the absolute inviolability of sovereign territory no longer exists,” says Dowty, professor of government and international studies. “The fact of the matter is that the Security Council and the United Nations have increased intervention.” Dowty says the reasons for intervention vary but action should not be discouraged when international will dictates involvement. “In some cases, (the fact that there is no intervention) is a lack of will,” he says. “When a case comes along and there is a will, that doesn’t make it wrong because it’s inconsistent.” For further comment, contact Professor Dowty at (219) 631-5098. p. Kosovo/Refugees : The exodus of ethnic Albanians from Kosovo has created a “refugee crisis (that) quickly has dwarfed the political and military aspects” of the conflict in Kosovo, says Gil Loescher , professor of government and international studies at Notre Dame. The crisis is wreaking havoc in not just Serbia, but also neighboring Albania and Macedonia. “This has seriously destabilized these countries,” he says, adding that is precisely the aim of Serbian president Slobodan Milosevic. “We’re talking about a systematic effort to depopulate a country of 90 percent of its people.” *For further comment, contact Professor Loescher at (219) 631-7096 or at loescher.1@nd.edu: loescher.1nd.edu

  • p. Lockerbie : The trial of two Libyans charged in the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland, will “herald some significant new developments in international law and politics,” according to Paolo Corozza , associate professor of law at Notre Dame. “The Lockerbie trial marks the culmination of intense cooperation among international institutions, principally the United Nations Security Council and a number of different nations ? the United Kingdom, U.S., Netherlands, South Africa ? designed to achieve accountability for serious international crimes. In this sense, the special Scottish court convened for this trial is clearly acting as an organ of both Scotland and the international community. I see it very much as a part of the same trend toward international cooperation for accountability as the legal battles to bring Pinochet to justice.” *For further comment, contact Professor Carozza at (219) 631-4128 or at pcarozza@nd.edu: pcarozza@nd.edu
  • p. Presidency : In the cover story of the spring issue of Notre Dame Magazine, Robert Schmuhl , chair and professor of American studies at the University, analyzes the public, private, political and personal aspects of the American presidency from Washington to Clinton. “The White House by its nature combines the highest elected official’s public work and private life in a single structure that functions as office, ceremonial place, residence and national symbol,” Schmuhl writes. “Understanding any president demands a sense of proportion and measured scrutiny that acknowledges human complexity and mystery ? and how they dance together.” *For further comment, contact Professor Schmuhl at (219) 631-7316 or at schmuhl.1@nd.edu: schmuhl.1@nd.edu
  • p. Latin America : The fluctuations and possibilities of democracy in Latin America are the theme of a new book by Guillermo O’Donnell , Helen Kellogg Professor of Government and International Studies at Notre Dame. In “Counterpoints,” O’Donnell provides a collection of essays on authoritarianism and democratization that draw upon both personal experience and scholarship. He includes a study of the political and social alliances that have shaped his native Argentina as well as an examination of the presently existing democracies in Latin America. The book was published by Notre Dame Press. For a copy, contact Julie Dudrick at (219) 631-8148 or at dudrick.2@nd.edu: dudrick.2@nd.edu For further comment, contact Professor O’Donnell at (219) 631-7756.
    p. Y2K and the Apocalypse : With the turn of the millennium in sight, apocalyptic fervor is growing among some Christian fundamentalists, but it’s nothing compared to the late 18th century, according to Nathan Hatch *For further comment, contact Professor Hatch at (219) 631-6631. *
    p. Notre Dame News : Oscar Arias , former president of Costa Rica and 1987 Nobel Peace Prize laureate, will speak on campus at 2:30 p.m. Friday (April 16) at McKenna Hall … Eight task forces comprised of more than 100 Notre Dame faculty members have been created to develop at Plan for Academic Advance *scholarship grants * by 14 percent and tuition by 5.4 percent for the 1999-2000 academic year … Edward J. Conlon , the Edward Frederick Sorin Society Professor of Management, has been appointed editor of The Academy of Management Review … The University has established a Marital Therapy and Research Clinic under the direction of David A. Smith, assistant professor of psychology … The business ethics curriculum at Notre Dame is the best in the nation, according to a new book, the Business Week Guide to the Best Business Schools (6th edition, 1999).

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