The following Notre Dame faculty are available for additional comment on these people and events in the news:Land mines : An international treaty to ban land mines is a positive step, but the problem is almost overwhelming, says Carolyn Nordstrom , associate professor of anthropology at Notre Dame and an expert on worldwide war zones. “On the positive side, the ability of a few dedicated people to effect a UN land-mine ban treaty in a few short years shows how quickly a detrimental military practice can be changed,” she says. “This is a step not only against land mines, but against military practices that harm civilians in greater numbers than soldiers. Sadly, it will take literally thousands of years to clear all land mines around the world at the present level of technology. Many countries, such as Cambodia and Angola, have millions of mines buried in heavily used areas.” For further comment, contact Professor Professor Nordstrom at *(219)-631-8819 or at firstname.lastname@example.org
- p. Revolutions : The age of great social revolutions ? beginning in France at the end of the 18th century and including the Russian and Chinese revolutions of this century ? likely has come to an end, political scientist Robert S. Snyder writes in the 1999 winter issue of The Review of Politics , published by the University of Notre Dame. An associate professor of international relations at Southwestern University in Georgetown, Texas, Snyder says the global expansion of liberalism ? that is, the spread of democracy and market-based economics ? will reduce the likelihood of certain kinds of behavior, including that of social revolution. Drawing on a wide range of scholarly studies, he says four factors ? democracy, markets, middle classes and transnationalism ? have led to the reduction or elimination of revolutions. He also examines the role of radical intellectuals as agents of revolution in the past and argues these revolutionaries created regimes that emphasized ideology and that, accordingly, were marked by a lack of tolerance for those of other beliefs. In the end, Snyder writes, the core idea of the modern social revolution is “that revolution represents progress.” But, he argues, that notion has been destroyed by the failure of revolutions, the misery caused by revolutionary states, and the spread of the alternative example of liberalism. To obtain a copy of The Review of Politics, call (219) 631-6623. Professor Snyder can be reached at (512) 863-1938. p. p. South Africa : The almost certain election in June of Thabo Mbecki to succeed Nelson Mandela as president of South Africa will keep the country on a stable course, according to Rev. Oliver R. Williams, C.S.C. , associate professor of management at Notre Dame and an expert on South African politics and economics. “Thabo Mbecki is a skilled diplomat and a brilliant public policy thinker, who, in many ways, is more talented than Mandela,” says Father Williams. “Of course, he does not possess the almost saint-like status of Mandela, who has kept relative peace in spite of the fact that there is a 30-percent unemployment rate and that many live in dire poverty. Mbecki will be under great pressure to deliver job creation and increased service for the poor. If anyone can do it, he can. The challenge is great, however.” For further comment, contact Professor Father Williams at (219) 631-5761 or at email@example.com: firstname.lastname@example.org
Note : Video and photos are available of Mbecki addressing a landmark conference at Notre Dame in October 1991 involving representatives of the African National Congress, Inkatha, the Azanian People’s Organization, the National Party, the U.S. government and American corporate leaders. Contact: Dennis Brown in Public Relations and Information at (219) 631-7367.
p. Trade deficit : A Notre Dame economist says the United States should not turn toward protectionism in the face of the Commerce Department’s report of a record high trade deficit for 1998. “We need to be patient for the Pacific Rim’s eventual rebound in economic activity,” says Jeffrey Bergstrand , associate professor of finance and business economics. “Japan has finally yielded to American and European pressure to provide greater government stimulus to its economy, and policies have been implemented. However, the effects of such policies always operate with a lag. In time, these will help Japan and other countries in the Pacific Rim recover economically, which in the end will ‘rebalance’ trade between the United States and these important partners.” For further comment, contact Professor Professor Bergstrand at (219) 631-6761 or at email@example.com
p. Good citizens : Notre Dame’s president, Rev. Edward A. Malloy, C.S.C. , is the coeditor of a new book titled “Colleges and Universities as Citizens.” Published by Allyn and Bacon, the book is a collection of 10 articles by academics and others involved in the effort to promote greater community involvement by American institutions of higher learning, so that the many resources of colleges and universities may be brought to bear more directly on community needs and problems. The book not only explores successful models of institutional engagement, such as service learning programs, but also analyzes the structure, mission and culture of higher education with an eye to changes that must occur in order for colleges and universities to become more fully engaged in service to the community. Father Malloy’s coeditors are Robert Bringle , director of the Center for Public Service and Leadership at Indiana University-Purdue University-Indianapolis, and Richard Games , executive director of Indiana Campus Compact. To obtain a copy of the book, contact Allyn and Bacon at (800) 278-3525.
p. Notre Dame News : Notre Dame will hire an accounting firm to undertake monitoring of licensee manufacturing sites around the world to ensure compliance with anti-sweatshop provisions of its code of conduct. The independent monitoring by PricewaterhouseCoopers is thought to be the first such arrangement in American higher education … David Lodge , associate professor of biological sciences, and Barbara McCrea , a visiting scholar in the University’s Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies, has received Fulbright Scholar grants for the current academic year … Former Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich will lecture on “Living in the Age of Possibilities” at 7:30 p.m. April 13 at Notre Dame’s Stepan Center … Sarah Taylor , a senior from Sugar Land, Texas, has been selected a second-team All-American on USA Today’s 1999 All-USA College Academic Team … One of the largest campus bookstores in higher education has opened at Notre Dame. The 65,000-square-foot Hammes Notre Dame Bookstore ? almost twice the size of the University’s previous facility ? is a part of the new $21.5-million Eck Center on the south end of campus … The Board of Trustees has affirmed a recommendation of the University’s officers that Notre Dame retain its institutional independence. The decision culminated a process of information-sharing between Notre Dame and both the Big Ten Conference and the Committee for Institutional Cooperation , the conference’s academic consortium …