Notre Dame ReSources

Author: Dennis Brown

The following Notre Dame faculty are available for additional comment on these people and events in the news:
p. Northern Ireland : Tensions flaring up during the marching season in Northern Ireland were “almost inevitable considering the tumultuous events that the province has experienced this year,” says Andrew Reynolds , assistant professor of government and international studies at Notre Dame. “Nevertheless, the peace process remains robust with leading Unionist and Nationalist politicians finding common cause in trying to pour water on the conflict. Incidents, where disgruntled Unionists face off against the British Army and their Catholic charges, are certainly the first test of the robustness of the new Assembly. But the recent episodes of rioting may be little more than the death throws of a truculent strain of Unionism which has had its day and been replaced by a new, more pragmatic, Protestant mentality which recognizes that accommodation and compromise is the only hope for the future.” *Contact: Dennis Brown, 219-631-7367; brown.18@nd.edu

  • p. German elections : German Chancellor Helmut Kohl is facing a difficult fight in his bid for a fifth term, but Notre Dame political scientist A. James McAdams says it’s too early to count him out. “Kohl may lose the election, but if he does, it will be by a much closer margin than the polls currently suggest,” says McAdams, who was honored last year as the leading U.S. scholar of German politics. “Since becoming chancellor in 1982, and even earlier as leader of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU), Kohl has made a living out of having others underestimate him. German voters typically have been critical of the chancellor and his party in off years because of pronounced shortcomings in the economy ? in particular, high levels of unemployment ? and the CDU’s supposed dearth in political imagination. However, at federal election time, the voters’ conservative instincts repeatedly have led them to support Kohn and his party. This time around, a greater show of intra-party unity on the part of the Social Democrats and growing fissures within the CDU may lead to Kohl’s defeat. But even this event will be possible only if the Social Democrats are able to form a government, which is unlikely.” *Contact: Dennis Brown, 219-631-7367; brown.18@nd.edu
  • p. China : President Clinton’s visit to China will have little significance in the long run, according to Peter Moody , professor of government and international studies and director of the Asian Studies Program at Notre Dame. “He didn’t blast the Chinese for anything,” Moody says. “The trip gave President Clinton the opportunity to look good as a defender of liberty, and it gave the Chinese a chance to show they can accept criticism; they can hear things they disagree with without going into hysterics. It all was stage-managed and planned in advance.” *Contact: Dennis Brown, 219-631-7367; brown.18@nd.edu
  • p. Clergywomen : The experiences of clergywomen in Protestant denominations are examined in a new book coauthored by Patricia Mei Yin Chang , assistant professor of sociology at the University of Notre Dame. In “Clergy Women: An Uphill Calling” (Westminister John Knox Press), Chang and colleagues Barbara Brown Zikmund and Adair T. Lummis explore the callings and careers of the thousands of ordained women in Protestant churches in the United States. Their findings are based upon almost 5,000 surveys among 16 denominations ? the largest study ever of clergywomen in America ? and include analysis of employment prospects, income and satisfaction. Among their conclusions, the authors found that women clergy have greater difficulty finding employment, are more likely to hold part-time positions, and earn 9 percent less in salary than clergymen in the same denomination with similar experience and qualifications. Based upon an analysis of early career options and decisions, the authors also found that clergywomen are likely to experience very different career paths than clergymen. Despite the difficulties and continuing discrimination, the authors conclude that Protestant clergywomen demonstrate a strong sense of calling and continue to expand the definitions of ministry. *Contact: Dennis Brown, 219-631-7367; brown.18@nd.edu
  • p. Supreme Court : The recently completed Supreme Court term included few major cases, which is not such a bad thing, according to Douglas Kmiec , professor of law at Notre Dame. “Other than the line-item veto, the court’s docket raised few profound constitutional questions,” Kmiec wrote in an op-ed for the Chicago Tribune. “Its outcomes won’t prompt major demonstrations or news stories. The arcane and difficult work of statutory interpretation seldom does. Hoeing the line of the legal journeyman rather than the philosopher-king may be less glamorous, but it does nourish democracy. The fair resolution of disputes that loom large in individual lives is not only a more noble pursuit than presuming to specify the nuances of every citizen’s moral code, but it’s also the court’s job.” *Contact: Dennis Brown, 219-631-7367; brown.18@nd.edu
  • p. Gone with the Wind : The restoration of the MGM classic “Gone with the Wind” for rerelease this summer was no easy matter, according to Donald Crafton , professor and chair of film, television and theatre at Notre Dame. "Normally a studio goes into the vaults, cleans up and fixes the original negatives. But the case of ‘GWTW’ was tricky because it was originally shot in three-strip Technicolor. That is, the special Technicolor camera actually exposed three black-and-white negatives simultaneously through primary-color filters. Each negative then was printed separately to make the Technicolor release prints ? an enormously expensive process that was abandoned in the 1960-70s. The original ‘GWTW’ negatives had shrunk in the vaults, but at different rates, so that any modern print would not have the colors properly aligned. In fact, you can see these color ‘fringes’ in many reprinted Tech films, such as ‘The African Queen.’ The studio reconstructed ‘GWTW’ in the 1980s using existing old prints, then made a new, non-Technicolor negative. This has been the master for all subsequent versions, including home video. For the new prints, Turner Entertainment has gone back to this 1980s print and scanned it to get three-color separations. These have been used to create new prints by simulating the original dye transfer process which had been used to make the Technicolor projection prints in 1939. The result is claimed to be a close approximation of the original film. *Contact: Dennis Brown, 219-631-7367; brown.18@nd.edu
  • p. GM strike : The strikes at two Michigan parts plants that have crippled General Motors appear to be much more serious than past encounters, says Rev. Patrick Sullivan, C.S.C. , a director of the Higgins Labor Research Center at Notre Dame. “The stalemate at the bargaining table and the determination on the picket line indicate that this is not the jousting of earlier strikes,” Sullivan says. “The union rightly insists upon a strong stand against the plant-flight and outsourcing of U.S. corporations while corporate profits and CEO incomes continue to soar and while U.S. and foreign workers and communities continue to be exploited.” *Contact: Michael Garvey, 219-631-7367; garvey.2@nd.edu
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